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What distinguishes a gestational surrogate from a surrogate?

Traditional and gestational surrogacy are the two types.

Because they did not supply the egg utilized for fertilization, gestational surrogacy is a form in which the surrogate (or carrier of the pregnancy) isn't genetically connected to the foetus. In this kind of pregnancy, either the intended parent's egg or a donor egg is used. The pregnancy is carried out by the gestational surrogate, which also gives birth to the child. The most typical form of surrogacy is this one. Most of the time, the carrier is not genetically linked to the child, but at least one parent is. It makes the legal process less challenging.

This is known as traditional surrogacy, when the pregnancy is carried by someone who shares genetics with the foetus. They produce the pregnancy with their eggs, carry the child, and give birth to it. Then, as the biological parent, they must relinquish custody of the kid to the intended parents (or parent). Many states forbid this surrogacy, which also presents numerous legal challenges.

Gestational surrogacy is chosen by who?

To expand their families, many individuals or couples employ gestational carriers. When one could require a gestational carrier, are

  • A uterine condition causes an intended parent to be infertile.

  • Because of a significant physical or psychiatric condition that puts them or the foetus in danger, an intended parent is unable to become pregnant or give birth.

  • A person who underwent a hysterectomy has a uterine malformation or is uterine-free.

  • The intended parent, such as a single individual or a gay male couple, is biologically incapable of conceiving or carrying a child.

How does one go about using a gestational surrogate?

In gestational surrogacy, the intended parents' eggs and sperm are used in IVF to develop the embryo (or donors). The surrogate who will carry the baby receives the embryo next. Choosing a carrier is the first step in the procedure. The intended parents and the carrier then sign legal documents and undergo various physical and mental examinations. After that is completed, the IVF procedure starts.

Examinations by doctors for gestational surrogacy

The intended parents and the carrier have a medical examination, including a psychologist visit, to test for mental health issues, including depression.

Mothers-to-be should undergo a thorough physical examination to ensure they are healthy enough to bear a child. Additionally, the group advises getting blood tests that look for syphilis.

  • Gonorrhea.

  • Chlamydia.

  • HIV.

  • B and C hepatitis.

Additionally, carriers must be up-to-date on immunizations for measles, mumps, rubella, and Tdap (diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis). The COVID vaccine is occasionally necessary. The intended parents will undergo genetic testing to determine the likelihood that the kid may have congenital impairments like Down syndrome.

What advantages do gestational surrogates offer?

When it is not physiologically or physically viable to grow or start a family, gestational surrogacy gives couples or individuals a choice. This is frequently the fulfilment of a lifelong dream for people who cannot have children owing to uterine issues, physical or mental health issues, or marital status.


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